Brushing Teeth Basics That You Should Definitely Know

father and daughter brushing teeth

Right from childhood everyone is well aware of brushing teeth and its importance.

Though have you ever thought if you do it properly?

Many people make tooth brushing mistakes and are unaware of them.

This results in the accumulation of plaque and tartar inside the mouth.

It can further lead to cavities and decay.

Therefore, it is quintessential to know how to properly clean your teeth using a brush.

Instill proper cleaning habits in children from a young age.

Hence, both you and your child should carry out proper tooth brushing and know their basics.

If you don’t we have you sorted!

This article discusses the basics that you should know regarding your oral hygiene. Keep reading to know more!

woman applying toothpaste for brushing teeth

Importance of Brushing Teeth

As we eat and drink, bacteria accumulate in our teeth.

Therefore, if we do not brush at night or in the morning then this bacteria sets itself and becomes plaque on teeth.

Plaque can harden and turn into tartar if not removed through brushing or flossing.

It is hard to remove tartar and if it accumulates beneath your gum line and within your teeth then it is likely to turn into gum diseases.

At this stage, it may also lead to tooth loss.

Besides gum disease, the accumulation of plaque can also cause tooth cavity.

These cavities form holes in your and your child’s teeth which is indicative of tooth decay.

You and your child will require tooth fillings to get rid of the cavity.

Children are as likely to get it as adults if you consume more sugary foods and do not brush afterwards.

If you clean your teeth then you will not require to get any extensive treatments at the dentist’s office.

However, if you forbade brushing then that will become the root cause of all your oral health problems as you are not getting rid of bacteria inside your mouth.

This is the most important reason for brushing your teeth regularly.

Other reasons relate to the health of your teeth and your oral hygiene. Find them below.

healthy smile

Other Reasons

  • Avoids Bad Breath

The medical term for bad breath is halitosis.

It is undeniable that if you don’t brush your teeth at all then you will smell bad.

This will embarrass you in public situations.

Moreover, this is the basis of hygiene and if you don’t do that then people will consider this unclean.

Furthermore, bacteria also accumulate on the tongue which causes halitosis.

Hence, not only should you brush your teeth but also your tongue to clean off any bacteria.

  • Removing Teeth Stains

By regularly eating and drinking we develop extrinsic stains.

As you age, your enamel may weaken and you may develop intrinsic stains that appear on the dentin and are hard to remove.

You will require teeth whitening in a dentists’ office to remove them.

By eating colored foods such as berries and drinking coffee, tea as well as smoking, you are constantly exposing your teeth to stains.

Though you may not notice their effect when you brush regularly.

This happens because brushing with toothpaste is slightly abrasive but helps to cleanse off the stains on your teeth.

If you use the right motion and reach every part of your mouth, then you can effectively get rid of stains.

  • Stops Bacteria From Reaching Digestive System

If you do not clean your mouth, the bacteria inside can easily travel down your throat into your digestive system.

This bacteria buildup is harmful to your body.

It can result in the accumulation of cholesterol which is responsible for diseases such as stroke and cardiac diseases.

Moreover, it also increases your chances of getting dementia by 30 percent.

Plus, it is extremely harmful to pregnant women and their unborn child.

The bacteria can dissolve in the bloodstream to reach the fetus and harm the child.

Hence, brushing protects from this harm.

brushing teeth steps applying toothpaste

Brushing Teeth Steps

The steps to brushing teeth are not as basic as you may think.

People make several mistakes while brushing and this does not allow for the proper removal of plaque and bacteria.

Also, parents should not take baby teeth lightly.

These are the foundation of permanent teeth and their healthiness will lead to healthy teeth.

Therefore, both children and adults should be well aware of the steps needed to brush properly.

What You’ll Need: 

In order to begin, you should have a regular toothbrush either an electric toothbrush or a manual.

Moreover, you will need a toothpaste containing fluoride. Use a pea-size for children and more for yourself.

Additionally, you can incorporate flossing and mouthwash in your cleaning routine for better oral health.

Regarding your toothbrush, choose one with soft bristles.

You should not go hard on your teeth at all. Hard bristles can erode your tooth enamel and expose your dentin.

It is much harder to remove stains from dentin rather than enamel.

Take your toothbrush and lubricate it with a little bit of water, also add toothpaste.

Once you are set, let’s begin a step-to-step guide.

Step 1:

Keep your toothbrush at a 45-degree angle to your teeth.

Start with your visible outer surfaces on both the upper and lower front teeth.

Gently brush in circular strokes and do not brush harshly horizontally or vertically.

Brush beneath the gum line and between the teeth to remove any bacteria trapped within that area.

Step 2: 

Next also brush the outer surfaces of the teeth at the back.

These include the molars at the back and the upper chewing surface.

Food is more likely to get trapped in these chewing surfaces.

Thoroughly brush through them in circular motions, gently at a 45-degree angle.

man cleaning inside surfaces of mouth

Step 3: 

Clean the inside surfaces as even though they are not visible they can still collect plaque.

Flip your brush at the right angle to make sure you thoroughly clean the inside surfaces of all your teeth, both the upper and lower.

Step 4: 

Don’t forget the tongue.

It is easy to forget the tongue but quite a lot of bacteria and plaque accumulate there.

This is also why you smell bad even if you brush your teeth.

If you cannot use a tongue scraper, some toothbrushes come with a scraper at the back.

Use that to remove any bacteria on the tongue.

Step 5: 

Finally, you should spit out any toothpaste in your mouth.

However, people are divided over rinsing your mouth immediately.

The fluoride in the toothpaste should come in contact with your teeth long enough for it to be effective.

Though rinsing immediately removes it.

You should try to spit most of the toothpaste and saliva and then later rinse after a while.

While brushing is an important aspect of your oral hygiene, you should also know about the best ways and tips to avoid any plaque buildup inside your mouth.

Know about it below!

father and daughter performing basic cleaning of mouth

Tips and Basics

Remember that you should brush at least for 2 minutes, twice a day. 

This is because 2 minutes each time allows for effective removal of plaque and gives you enough time to cleanse off all or most of it.

If you end it quickly then you will not remove all the bacteria.

Hence, it is best for you to clean properly for 2 minutes.

Use a stopwatch or timer to alarm you when your 2 minutes are done.

Moreover, it is especially important to brush twice a day including the night.

After a whole day of eating and drinking, our mouth is full of bacteria which will only worsen overnight if you leave them as is.

Regularly replace your toothbrush and choose one with soft bristles and a head that fits your mouth. 

After three to four months, the bristles on your toothbrush wear down.

A worn-down toothbrush will not do the job properly, hence it is no use using it.

If you notice a change of color or frayed bristles then it is high time you change your brush.

When choosing a brush, always go for one with soft bristles.

There is no use in going hard on your teeth as that will just cause enamel erosion.

Also, you should look for a toothbrush head that fits your mouth.

If the head is too large, it cannot reach several areas of your mouth, leaving them unclean.

Choose a toothpaste that suits your needs. 

If you want whiter teeth, then you can choose whitening toothpaste.

If you suffer from sensitive teeth, then your doctor may recommend fluoride toothpaste.

Hence, you do not need to strictly stick with one toothpaste.

Go for what suits your needs and if you are unsure then consult your dentist. Which brings us to…

illustration of what happens in a dental visit

Keep visiting your dentist. 

Even if you are brushing properly according to these guidelines and taking care of your oral health, it is still crucial to visit your dentist twice a year.

A dental checkup is not only to remove your plaque and tartar but also to identify any other serious problems with your oral health, mouth, teeth, gums and jaws.

Hence, you can get both prevention and treatment in your dental visit.

Additional Measures 

While brushing is one of the basics of good oral hygiene, it is not the only way to maintain good oral health.

The others include flossing between your teeth and occasionally using a mouthwash.

Brushing may not remove all the plaque hence, complement it with flossing daily.

mother and daughter brushing teeth together


You and your children cannot and should not skip brushing teeth.

Skipping that will only have detrimental effects on your health.

Therefore, if you want to pursue a healthy life then taking care of your oral hygiene is crucial.

Therefore, brush in the proper way using our guidelines for better oral health.




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