People opt for cosmetic surgery for many reasons. Most men and women want to look younger. Others seek to change a feature they have never liked. The decision is very personal. One of the important things to note is that you set realistic expectations.
Remember, cosmetic surgery will not change your life. But the surgery will give you greater self-confidence and add to your sense of well-being.
Successful results are often high and often depend on how well you and your surgeon communicate. Make sure you are open with your surgeon about your goals and questions.
Here in this article, we discuss the various aspects of cosmetic surgery. We also discuss the popular procedures that comes under cosmetic surgery.
What is Cosmetic Surgery or Cosmetic Plastic Surgery?
Cosmetic surgery is categorized as a type of plastic surgery that primarily aims to improve your appearance, but it should be approached with caution.
Cosmetic surgery is growing in popularity, with more than 15.1 million cosmetic procedures carried out only in the USA in a single year.
Today cosmetic procedures are available for almost any part of your body. But the process of undergoing cosmetic surgery should not be taken lightly. The results are generally permanent, so it is important you make the right decision and get it done by a board-certified surgeon.
Cosmetic plastic surgery is done to change your appearance. Some believe it might redesign your body’s contour and shape, smooth out wrinkles, or eliminate balding areas. Others might opt for varicose vein treatment or breast augmentation. There is a huge list of cosmetic surgery procedures that men and women can choose from. These procedures help to create an image that makes them feel more confident and comfortable with their looks.
Most health insurance plans do not cover the cost of cosmetic procedures. The number of people deciding to have cosmetic plastic surgery is continuously growing. The top among the list is liposuction, breast augmentation, nose reshaping, tummy tuck, eyelid surgery, and facelift.
Reconstructive surgery is another type of plastic surgery that aims to improve function and give the affected part a normal appearance. In this article, we will focus on cosmetic surgery only.
Why is Cosmetic Surgery Done?
Most cosmetic surgery procedures can bring lasting and dramatic changes to your outside appearance. When you opt for these procedures, it is important to understand how these changes might affect your health. Remember, your surgeon can change many physical characteristics successfully through cosmetic surgery.
Good candidates for cosmetic surgery:
- You should have realistic expectations about what you can accomplish.
- Clearly understand the medical risks, physical effects during healing, and how the surgery will affect you personally and professionally. Also, the lifestyle changes that might accompany the recovery period, and also the expenses involved
- You should have chronic medical conditions under control.
- Should not have any history of smoking or any nicotine products, including chewing tobacco and nicotine patches, gums, or lozenges. Try to avoid for about a month before and after surgery
- You should have maintained a stable weight for six to twelve months, specifically for certain procedures.
What is the Difference Between Cosmetic and Plastic Surgery?
Cosmetic surgery is a unique discipline of medicine that primarily focuses on enhancing your appearance through surgical and medical techniques. Cosmetic surgery can be performed on all areas of your head, neck, and body. Your doctor will select cosmetic surgery when the treated areas are functioning properly but lack aesthetic appeal.
On the other hand, plastic surgery is defined as a surgical specialty dedicated to reconstructing your facial or body defects due to some mishap. These defects could also have been caused due to birth disorders, burns, trauma, and disease. Plastic surgery is intended to correct dysfunctional areas of the body and is reconstructive in nature.
Cosmetic Surgery Types and Uses
Today you can find a variety of aesthetic procedures available for different parts of the body.
1 Breast Surgery
a) Breast augmentation or enlargement -The procedure is common in women if their breasts are too small if one breast is larger than the other. Women also opt for this procedure when their breast has changed after pregnancy or breastfeeding. Some older women opt for this procedure when the breasts start to droop due to the skin losing elasticity.
b) Breast reduction procedure is helpful in providing relief from physical discomfort. While the main aim of augmentation more often relates to appearance.
c) Mastopexy, or a breast lift procedure involves removing skin and glandular tissue to make your breasts look smaller. The procedure also rearranges the remaining tissue to make your breast appear lifted.
d) Male breast reduction surgery treats gynecomastia, an enlargement of the mammary tissue in men. This cosmetic surgery procedure removes excess fat and glandular tissue from the area. The aim is to restore a firmer, flatter, and more masculine contour to your chest.
Liposuction or suction-assisted lipectomy, is a cosmetic procedure that uses thin cannulas, or hollow metal tubes, to vacuum out fat from different parts of your body. The treatment is usually done for the abdomen, buttocks, thighs, hips, backs of the arms, and neck. Your surgeon may also use liposuction for male breast reduction.
Few of the tools used in liposuction are ultrasound, mechanical, and laser devices. They all basically work on the principle of suction of fat through a tube. Your surgeon will limit the amount of fat that can safely be removed to prevent complications.
You should consider liposuction as a weight-loss procedure. When performed on the right candidate, the goal of the procedure is to improve contour and decrease fat deposits in limited areas.
You can rarely see any complications. Some of them include accumulation of blood under your skin, known as a hematoma. Other complications could be infection, allergic reactions, changes in sensation, damage to underlying structures, and unsatisfactory results. The doctor must discuss all this with you beforehand.
3 Body Procedures
Tummy tuck or abdominoplasty is also a surgical procedure that reshapes and firms your abdomen. Excess skin and fat are removed from your middle and lower abdomen. The main goal is to tighten the muscle and fascia of the abdominal wall.
You might opt for this procedure after pregnancy or after losing a great deal of weight. But note that this procedure is not a weight loss regime.
4 Other Body Contouring Procedures
a) Buttock augmentation can enhance the appearance of your buttocks by making them larger. Your cosmetic surgeon will either graft fat from another part of your body using liposuction. This procedure is known as the “Brazilian Butt lift”. Your surgeon might also use silicone implants in the buttocks occasionally.
b) Buttock lift or lower body lift – This surgery involves removing excess skin from your buttocks, hips, and thighs in order to tighten and give them a lift. Your surgeon might combine this procedure with abdominoplasty. Especially for patients who have lost a good amount of weight after a weight loss regime or any kind of surgery.
5 Facial Cosmetic Surgery
a) Blepharoplasty, or eyelid surgery – This surgery aims to reshape your eyelids. With age, the skin becomes lax and droops, especially the upper lids and bags on the lower lids. It usually involves removing excess skin and fat from around your eyes. The procedure may reinforce surrounding muscles and tendons.
b) Rhinoplasty – It is also known as a nose job where your surgeon reshapes your nose to improve the appearance and often breathing, too. The procedure generally involves reshaping the tip and reducing the bony hump at the upper aspect of your nose.
Its surgery is performed with small incisions that are well hidden, often inside your nostrils. Your surgeons will recommend rhinoplasty if you are above 15 years old. This is because your cartilage and bone of the nose have grown fully.
There is a whole list of procedures that come under facial cosmetic surgery.
Risks Involved in Cosmetic Surgery
All surgeries, including cosmetic procedures, carry some kind of risk. If your body mass index is 30 or higher (obesity) or you have diabetes, you are at a higher risk of developing complications. These could be of blood clots in the legs or lungs. Smoking also increases your risks and interferes with healing hence quit smoking during this period.
Possible complications for any of these cosmetic surgical procedures include:
- Complications might arise related to anesthesia, pneumonia, and blood clots.
- Infections could occur at the incision site, which might worsen scarring and require additional surgery.
- Post-surgery, you might have fluid buildup under the skin.
- You might notice mild bleeding, which might require another surgical procedure.
- There might be abnormal scarring due to skin breakdown.
- You might see a separation of the surgical wound, which at times might require additional procedures.
- Might experience numbness and tingling from nerve damage, which could be permanent.
Why Do You Want Cosmetic Surgery?
Most people have good reasons for seeking cosmetic surgery. They have a clear understanding of the procedure, are in good health, have good self-esteem, and understand the risks of the procedure they have opted for. While there are people who are trying to please someone else, maybe their spouse or partner.
There are many factors that you need to take into consideration before you move ahead with cosmetic surgery. It is important to understand why you want the surgery and what your expectations are. At the same time, this surgery would completely change your appearance, feelings, and lifestyle.
So, it is important that you fully understand the cosmetic procedure. And have realistic expectations and find a board-certified cosmetic surgeon who has good experience.