Migraine is a chronic neurological disease that causes recurring headaches, along with other symptoms, such as nausea and sensitivity to light. A migraine attack, or series of symptoms, can cause moderate to severe pain and last from 4 to 72 hours. If you’re looking for the the instant migraine relief, this guide will help sorting all your queries.
If you have ever experienced a migraine attack before, you would know how debilitating it can be.
Although no cure exists for migraine, there are many treatments available, including drugs that can prevent attacks. These migraine treatment can also reduce the symptoms of an attack in progress. Lifestyle routines can be key to migraine prevention.
A few of the branches of Mayo Clinic especially in Rochester and Jacksonville are ranked among the best hospitals for neurology and neurosurgery in the United States. Surprisingly Mayo experts treat more than 19,000 people for migraine each year.
Migraine Pain and Treatment
People describe migraine pain as pulsating, perforating, pounding, throbbing, debilitating pain. You may also feel as if you have a severe dull, steady ache. The pain may start as a mild headache, but it will increase to moderate to severe without treatment.
Migraine pain affects the forehead area, and it is usually on one side of the head, but it can occur on both sides of the forehead. Most migraines last about 4 hours. If left untreated or they don’t respond to treatment, then it can last for as long as 72 hours to a week. In migraines with aura, pain may overlap with an aura or may never occur at all.
Although there is no cure for migraines, your doctor can help you manage them, so you get them at a lesser frequency, and the attacks are less severe.
Your migraine treatment plan depends on the following factors
- Your age
- Frequency of your migraines
- The type of migraine you have
- How severe is your migraine based on the amount of pain, how long they last, and how often they prevent you from going to work?
- Do you have other symptoms, such as nausea or vomiting
- Are you on any other medications?
Prescription Drugs for Quick Migraine Relief
You might have different types of headache. But headaches triggered by migraine normally occur along with other symptoms, like nausea, vomiting, or sensitivity to light and sound.
You might experience a migraine attack in the form of throbbing pain on one side of your head. The treatment of migraine symptoms at the earliest can shorten the attack.
The category of medications that increase the symptoms at the onset of a migraine attack are known as abortive, acute or rescue medications.
Triptans are believed to stimulate serotonin, a neurotransmitter found in the brain, which reduces inflammation and constricts blood vessels. This stops the headache or migraine attack.
The following are the names of triptan drugs, namely Axert (almotriptan), Frova (frovatriptan), Relpax (eletriptan), Maxalt (rizatriptan), Amerge (naratriptan), Imitrex (sumatriptan), and Zomig (zolmitriptan).are commonly available in the USA.
Most of them are available in the form of pills, while Imitrex and Zomig are available in the form of a nasal spray. Imitrex is also available in the form of an injectable.
2 CGRP Receptor Antagonists
CGRP or Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide is a protein which is released around the brain. When it is released, it causes intense inflammation in the meninges and causes the pain of a migraine attack.
CGRP receptor antagonists like Ubrelvy (ubrogepant) and Nurtec ODT (rimegepant) block the binding of CGRP, thereby easing the inflammation and hence stopping the pain.
3 Other Acute Migraine Treatments
Other medications that are used for acute treatment of migraine include:
A Lasmiditan (Reyvow) – Reyvow is a newly approved oral tablet that is recommended for the acute treatment of migraine.
It works differently from triptans and may be a useful alternative for people who can’t take triptans or don’t get relief from them. These medicines do not have any side effects.
B Anti-Nausea Drugs – Anti-nausea drugs can help if you have migraine with aura along with nausea and vomiting.
Complementary and Alternative Medicine for Migraine
In addition to prescription medications available for the prevention and treatment of migraine, you must also explore approaches like psychotherapy and some forms of mind-body therapies. These include the following:
1 Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). It is a type of psychotherapy that involves working with a psychotherapist to challenge negative behaviors and thoughts.
2 Biofeedback. Biofeedback uses electronic devices to consciously regulate bodily functions, such as breathing, heart rate, and blood pressure.
3 Acupuncture. Acupuncture is the ancient Chinese traditional medicinal practice of inserting very small needles into the body in specific places or pressure points to reduce pain.
4 Massage. Massaging involves applying pressure to the muscles and other soft tissues to bring about physical and mental relaxation. It is beneficial for people who have shoulder and neck spasms along with migraine. The therapy is often used to prevent migraine.
Simple Steps to Get Instant Relief From Migraine Pain
You might be aware that medication is a proven way for migraine treatment. But medication is only one side of the coin. It’s also important to take good care of yourself and clearly understand how to cope with your migraine pain when it strikes.
If you make good lifestyle choices that promote overall good health, you can, at the same time, reduce the frequency and severity of your migraines. There is also migraine natural treatment that may help prevent or reduce their severity and duration. You can try combining medication with behavioral measures and lifestyle can often be the most effective way to handle migraines.
1 Find a Calm Environment
At the first sign of a migraine, you can take a break and step away from the task you are doing.
- Turn off the lights. You might have noticed that migraines often increase when there is sensitivity to light and sound. Relaxing in a dark, quiet room can help reduce your pain.
- Try temperature therapy. Apply cold pack or hot or compresses to your head or neck region. Ice packs will give you a numbing effect, which may dull the sensation of pain. Hot packs and heating pads, on the other hand, can relax tense muscles. Baths or warm showers may have a similar effect.
- Drink a caffeinated beverage. Caffeine in small quantities can relieve migraine pain in the early stages. However, if you drink caffeine too late in the night, it may interfere with your sleep, which can also affect your migraines.
2 Sleep Well
You may not be able to sleep all night due to a migraine headache or it may be the other way round where your migraine is triggered by a poor night’s sleep. Here are some tips to encourage sound sleep.
- Establish regular sleep hours. You must wake up and go to bed daily at the same time, including the weekends. Take short naps during the day as Naps longer than 20 to 30 minutes will interfere with your nighttime sleep.
- Unwind at the end of the day. You must do anything that helps you relax because relaxation can promote better sleep. It can vary from listening to soothing music, soaking in a warm bath or reading a favorite book. Keep a close watch on what you are eating or drinking, especially before bedtime. Make a note, intense exercise, nicotine, heavy meals, alcohol, and caffeine will interfere with sleep.
- Minimize distractions. Your bedroom should have an atmosphere for sleep. Don’t watch television or take work materials in your bedroom. Try avoiding distracting noises in your bedroom.
3 Eat Wisely
Your eating habits can directly influence your migraines. Take note of a few of these tips.
- Be consistent. You should schedule your meals at about the same time every day.
- Avoid skipping meals. Fasting increases the risk of migraine attacks, so avoid fasting.
- Maintain a food diary. You should maintain a food diary to keep track of the foods you eat and when you experience migraines, it can be referred to identify potential food triggers. It can also assist to narrow down the reasons causing migraine headaches.
- Avoid foods that trigger migraines. If you suspect that a certain food like chocolate, aged cheese, caffeine or alcohol is triggering your migraines, eliminate it from your diet list.
4 Exercise Regularly
Do you know that physical activity releases certain chemicals into your body that block pain signals to your brain? These chemicals also help alleviate depression and anxiety. These are two key conditions that can make migraines worse. Walking, cycling and swimming are good choices. Just be careful to ease into exercise gradually, as very vigorous exercise may trigger migraines.
5 Manage Stress Levels
Stress and migraines often go hand in hand. You have to avoid daily stress, but you can keep it under control to help manage your migraines:
- Simplify your daily life. Do not try to look for ways to squeeze more activities into the day. Instead, you should identify ways to leave some things out.
- Manage your time wisely. Update your to-do list everyday morning, both at work and at home. Delegate what you can, and try dividing large projects into manageable chunks.
- Take a break. If you feel overwhelmed and stressed, a quick walk may renew your energy for the task at hand.
- Enjoy yourself. Find time, even from your hectic schedule, to do something you enjoy for at least 15 to 30 minutes every day. It could be having coffee with a friend, playing a game, or pursuing a hobby. Doing something you enjoy is your body’s natural process to combat stress.
- Relax. Exercising and deep breathing from your diaphragm can help you relax. Focus on inhaling and exhaling slowly and deeply for at least ten minutes every day. This will consciously relax your muscles, one group at a time. When you’re done, sit quietly for a minute or two.
6 Strive for Balance
Living with migraines is indeed a daily challenge. But by making a healthy lifestyle choice, you can control it to a great extent. In case you are feeling anxious or depressed, try joining a support group or seeking counseling. Believe in your ability to take control of the pain.