Orthodontic Treatment – A Complete Guide

Orthodontic Treatment

Teased constantly as Count Dracula for your crooked teeth? Do not go one more day worrying about your crooked or improperly spaced teeth. You can straighten out those crooked teeth, giving you a smile you have always hoped for. Some of you have crooked teeth that do not fit together correctly. Crooked teeth can affect your bite and lead to long term dental complications. The good news is you can quickly straighten your teeth with the help of proper orthodontic treatment.

There are a lot of treatment options these days, varying from clear aligners to retainers to invisible, metal, ceramic and micro braces. Each of them has their own benefits. 

Orthodontic Treatment

Your orthodontist has the specialized knowledge to consider all possibilities. He will decide the treatment plan based on variables like your age, size of teeth and possible jaw imbalances. 

Your orthodontist knows what to use and when to use it. He will work with you to make the best decision – for your best smile.

In other words, orthodontic treatment is defined as a means of improving the appearance of your teeth. It can straighten your crooked teeth. It can enhance the functioning of your teeth. 

Additionally, this treatment offers you long term oral health benefits. That effectively means your teeth, gums and joints will be enriched.

What is Orthodontic Treatment?

Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry that deals with the diagnosis, prevention, guidance, and correction of bad bites. Or any kind of dental irregularities, including the use of fixed braces.

Orthodontic treatment addresses malocclusion, a condition in which your teeth are not correctly positioned. When your mouth closes, there is a misalignment between your upper and lower teeth. This results in an improper bite. This can lead to several oral health complications if left untreated. 

A specialist or an orthodontist is the right person to consult for all your orthodontic treatments. These specialists attend two plus years of education after four years of dental school. An orthodontist specializes in making your teeth straight.

Orthodontics treatment can be cosmetic to improve your appearance. But it often aims to improve your oral functions.

Your orthodontist can also help solve problems such as teeth grinding or procedures involving the moving teeth or moving of the jaw. Thumb or finger sucking can cause your kid’s teeth to become crooked. Try to address your kids’ thumb-sucking habits to avoid long term problems.

Orthodontic TreatmentBenefits of Orthodontic Treatment

You might be thinking that straightening your teeth only has aesthetic benefits. But there are much more benefits. 

Your crooked teeth are not only harder to clean but lead to tooth decay or periodontal disease. 

Remember, your teeth that do not fit correctly can make it harder for you to chew, leading to headaches. You could also have shoulder or back pain and even TMJ disorders.

Orthodontic treatments allow you to reap the benefits in the long term. These procedures can fix problems like teeth crowding, spacing, crossbites, and improper bites. It can also help in correcting inappropriate tooth eruption. 

Therefore, orthodontic treatment focuses on rectifying these issues and providing you with that perfect smile. 

Few benefits listed below:

1 Facilitates oral hygiene

Teeth that are misaligned or crowded are extremely difficult to clean. Resulting in food getting stuck in the corners, which later lead to tooth decay and tooth loss. 

A visit to your orthodontist will help you in maintaining better oral hygiene. As you will be able to brush and floss with ease.

Orthodontic Treatment

2 Improves functionality

If you are suffering from a bad bite or misaligned teeth, you might have biting and chewing problems. This can lead to issues such as indigestion and limited diet. 

Orthodontic treatment can help you correct misalignments and bite issues. As a result, you can eat a wider variety of foods and digest them properly.

3 Better long term health of teeth

Straight teeth can be cleaned easily and are less prone to injury. In addition, it is considerably easier to remove plaque from yours if they are straight. 

Severe crowding can lead to decay, gum disease and erosion of the gum bones.

Types of Orthodontic Issues

Orthodontic treatment can help improve or treat the following conditions:

1 Impacted teeth

An impacted tooth is one that cannot grow properly because another tooth is blocking its space. Or the tooth does not have enough room in the jaw. This can happen when your adult tooth only emerges partially. Wisdom teeth are a good example of an impacted tooth.

2 Crowding

Crowding is one of the most common reasons people visit an orthodontist. In your narrow jaw, there may not be enough space for all the teeth. The orthodontist might remove one or more teeth in order to make room for the others.

Orthodontic Treatment

3 Spacing

Abnormal spaces or unnatural gaps can develop between your teeth. It could be the result of a missing tooth, or your teeth do not fill up your mouth. This condition is opposite to that of crowding.

4 Reverse bite

The condition occurs in the case of a misaligned jaw. The upper teeth bite inside the lower ones. The treatment plan should level and align the two jaws.

5 Open bite

When your teeth are clenched, and there is an opening between your upper and lower teeth. A scenario when the upper and lower jaws or not fit together.

6 Underbite

The condition occurs when your upper teeth are too far back. Or when your lower teeth are too far forward.

7 Crossbite

When your upper teeth sit inside your lower teeth – this is described as a crossbite. But in case of misalignment, at least one of your upper teeth does not come down on your lower teeth. Crossbite can cause your teeth to wear down. It can also affect the cosmetic appearance of your teeth and cause lip pain. 

8 Protruding front teeth

Your buck teeth or protruding front teeth can be naturally occurring. But orthodontic treatment can improve the appearance. It is essential as it would protect your teeth from damage during sports injuries or falls.

Different Types of Orthodontic Treatment

While you are set to begin your treatment, understand that there are quite a number of them. And each of these treatments will solely depend on your orthodontic problems. 

Moreover, your orthodontist will decide the kind of orthodontic appliances to use after evaluating your dental problems. 

Here are different types of orthodontic treatments: 

1 Types of Braces

Braces exist in different types, they can be metal braces, clear braces, and self-ligating braces, lingual braces, besides others. Modern as wells as traditional braces are commonly used in orthodontic treatment. They are modernized and when worn are not easily noticeable. Braces can either be removable or fixed.

Orthodontic Treatment

Fixed brace, an orthodontic fixed appliance, is used to correct or guide your teeth in the correct direction. 

Metal Braces 

Commonly known as traditional braces, they are used by kids as they are cost-effective. They are actually metal brackets made of stainless steel that are applied to your teeth. And the metal wire which is threaded on the brackets actually exert pressure on your teeth.

Lingual Braces 

They are similar to metal braces but are applied on the inner side of your teeth. They are generally not visible from the outside. Lingual braces might not be ideal for treating any extreme orthodontic issue.

Self-Ligating Braces 

Self-ligating braces have a built-in system to secure the archwire to the brackets. They are preferred by experts today compared to traditional braces. Self-ligating braces are more effective and are not painful as the others. And the total number of orthodontic visits are significantly less.

2 Other Orthodontic Treatments

Invisalign or Removable Aligners 

Clear aligners are another type of orthodontic appliance that you can use instead of braces. A wide range of clear plastic aligners are available in the market that resembles mouth guards. These removable aligners are custom-made for you.

Invisalign is a unique kind of invisible, removable appliances that comes with additional benefits. They have a user-friendly design, allowing easy tooth movements, invisible and are removable at all times. Though expensive, it is value for money. 

Orthodontic Treatment


A retainer is another form of orthodontic treatment. They are usually used during the final process of treatment. Retainers can be either fixed or removable. Removable retainers are used in special cases.

If you constantly wear a retainer, you can straighten your teeth permanently.

Teeth Removal 

Rarely though, it might be the last option. If the misalignment of your tooth is such that tooth removal may be necessary at some point. Your orthodontist will opt for this to enhance and correct the placement of your subsequent tooth.

Besides these treatments, there can be other complex treatments like orthognathic treatment and orthodontic mini-implants. These are aimed at correcting more complicated misalignments. 

Orthodontic TreatmentOrthodontist vs Dentist

Dentists and orthodontists both help people improve their oral health, but in different areas. Dentistry is a very broad medical speciality. It basically deals with the teeth, gum, nerves, and jaw. In contrast orthodontics is a full time specialist within dentistry that primarily focuses on correcting occlusion, bites, and the straightening of your teeth.

In case you need to visit an orthodontist, your dentist will be able to recommend one. Only a small number of dentists are also qualified and trained as an orthodontist. 

Your dentist specializes in areas of oral health, including preventing infections in your teeth, jaw, nerves, and other adjoining areas. However, an orthodontist will specifically deal with the bite and straightening of your teeth. 

Before you start, you should check that your professional is qualified to undertake orthodontic treatment for you.


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