Have you ever experienced pain in your leg which travels down from the hip affecting thigh, calf and feet? If this is so, you might be suffering from sciatica pain and need a medical advice diagnosis. Let’s kickstart with getting to know about sciatica better.
Sciatica is the largest nerve in the human body and is made up of various nerve endings that come from the spine.
This begins at the end of the spine, passes through the buttocks and back of the thigh and when it reaches the knee it divides into the tibial and common fibular nerve, reaching the feet. It can be due to a herniated disk as well.
The chronic sciatica causes pain and tingling in the back, buttocks or legs.
Also, a patient feels difficulty in keeping the spine straight and feels discomfort while walking.
In these cases, it is important to seek an orthopedic doctor or physiotherapist so that they can guide you towards an appropriate treatment to relieve this pain which includes a lumbar spinal or lumbar spine.
We will now look into the :
Connection between underlying problems and sciatica
Many times, these symptoms are associated with alterations in the spine, such as herniated disc, spondylosis or osteoarthritis in the spine.
For this reason, when the first symptoms appear, it is very important to consult the doctor and see if physical therapy is needed.
You can have some tests and an x-ray examinations of the spine to evaluate if it has any alteration that is compressing the nerve, giving rise to the symptoms as pain radiates even more.
Let’s now learn more about herniated disc symptoms:
What Causes Sciatic Nerve Pain?
Sciatic nerve pain occurs when it suffers compression. This is common when the person has a lumbar disc herniation, especially between L4 and L5.
Also because the spinal canal gets a squeeze, a vertebra gets a misalignment. There is also an increase in the tone and firmness of the buttock.
The people who do heavy work out or women with extreme physical activity may have sciatica pain. Your doctor will either advice diagnosis or treatment for the condition.
This is because there is an increase in tone or there may be a contracture in the buttocks. More specifically in the piriformis muscle.
Did you know about 8% of the world population suffers from pain in sciatica?
Let’s move forward to important relating topics:
Inflamed Sciatic Nerve in pregnancy
During pregnancy it is common for the sciatic nerve to have an impact due to rapid weight gain, growth of the belly and alteration of the centre of gravity of the woman as well as concerns with the spinal cord.
This can lead to compression of this nerve. When this occurs in pregnancy, a doctor or physiotherapist should be sought to initiate treatment and minimize the symptoms present.
Treatment can be done with stretching exercises, hot compresses and anti-inflammatory ointments to place in the region where the pain occurs.
So now, let’s hit upon some of the common symptoms of sciatica include:
- Pain in the lower back that radiates to the buttock or one of the legs;
- Pain in the back that is worse when sitting;
- Electric shock or burning sensation in the buttock or leg;
- Weakness in the leg on the affected side;
- Tingling sensation in the leg.
Now that we have a fairly good idea on sciatica, let’s look into the range of treatments that are available:
Treatment of Sciatica
The medications indicated to combat sciatica pain by the orthopaedist can be Paracetamol, Ibuprofen. They can be or some stronger ones that are derived from morphine such as Tramadol, accompanied by a muscle relaxant such as Diazepan. But a more natural way to relief the pain is to take vitamin B complex, as it improves the health of your nerves.
A home treatment for an inflamed sciatic nerve is massage with a moisturizing cream or with oils. Since they can be applied to relieve pain and improve mobility. They also relaxes the muscles of the back, legs and buttocks, thus reducing compression in the nerve.
It should preferably be performed by a masseur or a physical therapist and there may be a need to treat the disease in the clinic, depending on the severity.
Rest makes pain worse, as well as staying in the same position for a long time. So light exercises are welcome.
Initially, the stretches that can be done with the person lying on his back and hugging the legs, for example, are more recommended.
When the pain decreases in intensity, after the first week of physiotherapy, muscle strengthening exercises can be performed. Such as: lying on your back, bending your knees and pressing with a pillow between your legs.
To work your back and spine, you should lie on your back, bend your knees, and lift your hips and buttocks off the bed.
These Pilates exercises are excellent options to cure sciatica pain because they strengthen the abdomen and spine. Strengthening the abdomen is an excellent trick to protect the spine.
In most cases, the treatment of inflammation or compression of the sciatic nerve involves performing physiotsciatic nerve to have an impact due to rapid weight gainherapy sessions. This is done with devices that reduce pain and inflammation.
As well as performing exercises through manual techniques to strengthen and stretch the muscles. When the muscles of affected leg get improved blood supply, they start becoming normalizing.
Heat can also heal the affected region and helps to relieve compression of the nerve.
Sometimes when these problems are associated with poor posture, the physiotherapist may also recommend performing a treatment called Global Posture Reeducation (RPG). In this, there is a correction of posture and stretching of the muscles responsible for the alteration. of posture.
During a sciatic nerve crisis, anti-inflammatory foods such as salmon, garlic, onion, flaxseed, chia and sesame are the optimal choice.
But it is also important to reduce the consumption of foods that increase inflammation in the body, which are mainly processed meats such as sausage, cold cuts and bacon.
You also need to take care of any underlying eating disorders. These can accelerate the symptoms of this condition.
In addition to the above, there are other options that can also complete the treatment, including acupuncture and reflexology sessions for pain relief and discomfort.
Osteopathy is a technique in which the muscles are stretched, and also a good way to treat scoliosis, hyperlordosis and herniated disc that are generally involved in the cause of sciatica pain.
Surgery on the Spine
Surgery is performed in the most serious cases. When there is a herniated disc that does not improve with the treatments indicated above.
In this case, the surgeon may decide to remove the vertebral disc and join one vertebra to the other.
Let’s now hit upon some prevention tactics:
How to prevent pain from recurring:
To prevent a new sciatica crisis, you must:
- Do regular stretches to stretch the muscles of the legs and spine
- Avoid sedentary lifestyle and regularly practice activities. Such as walking, pilates or hydro-gymnastics. They strengthen and stretch the muscles
- Try to maintain the correct back posture both standing and sitting
- Always be within the ideal weight
- Always keep the abdomen strong to protect the spine.
How to treat sciatica pain naturally?
The most effective in this case are:
- Green Tea. According to this study carried out by the National Autonomous University of Mexico, it is anti-inflammatory and chemo preventive.
- Elderflower, or its berries.
- Anti-inflammatory and hepatoprotective, according to this research.
- Melissa, also anti-inflammatory.
- Turmeric, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant, according to this study carried out by the Complutense University of Madrid.
Do you need surgery for sciatica?
Some doctors suggest that if our quality of life is good and we can still do our job and the things we want to do, there is no reason to operate.
However, if you can barely stand up or move, or you cannot do work and cannot take care of your family, surgery may be the best option.
Also if conservative treatments are tried and the pain does not improve, you will need surgery. Same is the case with if you have progressive neurological weakness that is not improving. Or if you have disabling pain, surgery could be considered.
Sometimes sciatica and low back pain can be serious and require surgery. Surgical treatment of sciatica is ideal for patients with the following symptoms.
- Loss of bowel and bladder function. This is a symptom of the rare disorder cauda equina syndrome.
- Severe muscle weakness
- Non-surgical treatment for sciatica is ineffective or no longer reduces sciatica pain.
- Pain that gets progressively worse
Let’s hit upon some well-known sciatica exercises:
Sciatica Pain Exercises
1-Child’s pose (Balasana)
The spine needs to be lengthened and stretched. This promotes flexibility and openness in the hips, thighs, and lower back.
To do it, you have to bring your knees together and sink your hips on your heels.
Then extend your arms or let them rest next to your body, allowing your torso to fully relax as you fall heavily on your thighs. Maintain this posture for 5 minutes.
2-Downward facing dog
It is a posture that helps align the body, relieving pain and tension. Promotes strength and helps correct imbalances.
Lie on your stomach, pressing your hands toward the floor while lifting your hips toward the ceiling.
Drop the head down to align the ears with the upper arms or with the chin towards the chest. Bend your knees to tilt your pelvis slightly forward and hold for one minute.
It serves to strengthen the spine, buttocks and thighs. Stabilizes the core and lower back. It also promotes circulation and flexibility in the hips. It is practiced by lying face down with the fingers interlaced at the base of the spine.
Slowly lift your chest, head, and arms as high as you can, away from your body. To go deeper, lift both or 1 leg at a time. Hold 30 seconds.
It is time to get rid of your sciatica once and for all. Step one is to find the specific cause of your sciatica, so that you can receive the most effective treatment for your particular disorder.
Sciatica pain is one which can cause several complications. However the good news is you can still prevent it. This blog post consists of various prevention tactics as well as focuses on symptoms, causes, and effective treatment methods. If you still want more details and information, you can reach out to our team. We will be more than happy to answer your queries.