TMJ Causes

In most of the cases, it isn’t generally known what becomes the cause of Temporomandibular joint disorder.

Trauma to the jaw or to your joint may play a significant role.

tmj disorder

Moreover, there are several other conditions which may also contribute to the development of the temporomandibular joint disorder.

These mostly include:

  • Erosion of the joint
  • Arthritis
  • Structural problems in your jaw that are mostly present from birth
  • Habitual grinding
  • Clenching of teeth

There are some other factors that can often be associated with the development of the temporomandibular joint disorder.

However, most of the times, they haven’t been proven to cause TMJD.

These mostly include:

  • Lack of sleep
  • Poor diet
  • The use of orthodontic braces
  • Having stress for prolonged period of time
  • A certain posture that makes the muscles of neck and face strained

What Are the Symptoms of TMJ?

The symptoms of TMJ disorder mostly depend on the causes as well as severity of the condition.

However, the most common symptom is the pain in the jaw as well as surrounding muscles.

Moreover, other symptoms mostly include:

  • Locking of the jaw
  • Pain that can be felt in the neck or the face
  • Shift in the jaw
  • Changing the way that the upper as well as lower teeth align (also referred to as malocclusion)
  • Clicking or popping sound from the site of TMJ
  • Limited jaw movement
  • Stiffness in the muscles of jaw
  • Ringing in the ears

Symptoms may simply show up on just one side of the face and sometimes, both.

Does the pain from TMJ extend to the other parts of the body?

Having a temporomandibular joint disorder might just feel like a simple jaw pain, but it can also hinder your daily life activities as well as affect the quality of your life.

And yes, the pain resulting from the temporomandibular joint can extend to other body parts.

How is TMJ Diagnosed?

Temporomandibular joint disorders are usually hard to diagnose.

However, there are no standard tests for the purpose of diagnosing these disorders.

Your doctor may refer you to a dentist for the purpose of making a clear diagnosis.

tmj diagnosis

Moreover, he may also refer to an ENT specialist for diagnosing your condition.

  • CT scan of the jaw in order to see the joint and bone tissues
  • X-rays of your jaw
  • MRI of the jaw in order to see if there are any problems with the structure of the jaw

Treatment of TMJ

In most of the cases, the symptoms of the temporomandibular joint disorder can also be treated with the practices of self-care at home.

tmj treatment

To ease the pain resulting from temporomandibular joint, you can:

  • Use ice for the purpose of reducing swelling
  • Eating soft foods
  • Reducing stress
  • Use jaw-stretching exercises to help improve the movement of your jaw
  • Avoiding chewing gum as well as tough foods
  • Reducing the movement of jaw
  • Use ice for the purpose of reducing swelling
  • Use jaw-stretching exercises to help improving the movement of the jaw
  • Side to side use physical therapy for relief.

Moreover, depending on your symptoms, your doctor might be prescribing or recommending the following:

  • Medications to relax the muscles of your jaw (corticosteroids)
  • Medications for reducing the pain (such as ibuprofen)
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy that can help reducing stress
  • Stabilization splints or bite guards for preventing teeth grinding
  • Botox for reducing tension in the muscle and nerves of the jaw
  • Medications that can help to reduce swelling in the jaw
  • Stabilization splints or bite guards to prevent the grinding of teeth

In some rare cases, your doctor might recommend surgery or any other procedure for treating your condition.

Procedures can include:

  • Surgery for replacing the joint
  • Arthrocentesis, which removes fluid and debris from your joint
  • Surgery for the purpose of replacing the joint

Procedures used for the purpose of treating this condition may also make your symptoms worse.

Moreover, you must talk to your doctor about the potential risks that may be involved in the procedure.

Prevention of TMJ Causes

You may not be able to prevent TMJ from developing.

However, you might be able to reduce the symptoms by lowering the level of your stress that may result.

Moreover, reducing teeth grinding can also help to reduce the overall stress as well as anxiety through:

  • Exercise
  • Counseling
  • Diet

Outlook for TMJ Disorder

The outlook for a temporomandibular joint disorder mostly depends on the cause of your problem.

TMD can be successfully treated in many people with at-home remedies, such as changing your posture or reducing the stress.

However, if your condition is mostly a result of a chronic (long-term) disease such as arthritis, changing your lifestyle might not be enough.


Moreover, arthritis can wear down your joint over time and can also increase pain.

Most of the cases of temporomandibular joint disorder warrant changes in the habits of your lifestyle, possibly combine with medications so as to ease any pain as well as discomfort.

Aggressive treatments are rarely needed.

You must talk to your doctor about your options for determining what treatment is best suitable for you.

Exercises for TMJ Pain Relief

It’s unclear exactly as in how the TMJ exercises may help relieving pain.

They are usually thought to help:

  • Reducing jaw clicking
  • Promoting the healing of jaw
  • Increasing the mobility of jaw
  • Relaxing your jaw
  • Stretching your jaw
  • Strengthening the muscles of your jaw

Home Treatments for TMJ Causes

There are various things you may do at home or on your own to help relieve the symptoms of TMD.

home remedies

These mostly include:

  • Use heat or cold packs
  • Eat soft foods
  • Take over-the-counter medications
  • Don’t rest your chin on your hand
  • Try to keep your teeth slightly apart
  • Relaxation techniques

As per a study published in 2010 in the Journal of Dental Research, performing the temporomandibular joint exercises reduces the signs of TMJ more than using a mouth guard, especially in people having TMJ disc displacement.

So, this pretty much sums all about the temporomandibular joint disorder, its causes, symptoms as well as treatment.

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