Do you visit the dentist regularly? If your teeth ache, you may need a tooth extraction.
People avoid going to the dentists on a yearly basis even if they have issues.
Ever wonder what might be the reason behind the toothache? Did you pay attention to the signs and symptoms of toothache you had during the past few days?
You might have to get an extraction to prevent infection in the gums, cavities, or periodontitis.
Why are Tooth Pulled?
Sometimes tooth removal is important in many adults.
Studies suggest that many teens and adults undergo tooth removal due to the formation of tooth cavities. and to prevent infection.
As we have mentioned above, tooth decay, extraction, and crowding may require tooth removal.
People who want to get braces may need one or two teeth removed to provide room for other teeth as they shift from their place.
The process of extraction is a simple and quick one. Your dentist or oral surgeons will numb the area by injecting local or general anesthesia or a combination of both.
Removing a visible tooth is generally an easy task however, teeth below the surface, a broken tooth requires a more complicated procedure.
Causes of Toothache
There are a number of reasons behind a toothache. Some of them are:
When we develop cavities in our mouth, they can cause tooth decay. It can occur either in the outer coating or the inner coating of the tooth.
When we do not take care of early signs and symptoms of cavities, the bacteria damage the dentin and pulp.
When the pulp is damaged it can cause infection and inflammation of the tooth, gums, and cheeks.
When we face an accident, it can cause a fracture or broken tooth. A broken tooth can cause infection or inflammation in the tooth and the teeth nearby.
Therefore, your dentist will recommend removing the tooth.
A damaged filling
Dentists place temporary or permanent tooth fillings to cover the cavities after cleaning them.
Fillings are also placed to cover the blood clot so that the infection does not spread to other or nearby teeth after the extraction procedure.
Grinding Teeth and Chewing of Gum
Excessive chewing and grinding of teeth can cause toothache. Most often people grind their teeth due to stress and anxiety.
Poor hygiene habits, smoking, drinking, diabetes, or certain medications can lead to gum infections.
How Can You Prepare Before Extraction?
You must give all the necessary information to the dentist before going for the extraction surgery.
- Inform your dentist or oral surgeons about your medical history before the procedure.
- You should inform your dentist if you suffer from heart or heart-related disease.
- A patient who had undergone a joint surgery in the past should inform the dentist.
- If a person is taking blood thinners due to some disease the dentist should be informed so that they can be properly administered or stopped before the dental procedure
- You must discuss anesthesia and painkillers. At times people are aware of what type of anesthesia works for them, what type are they allergic to and what type should they avoid.
- At times patients have a preference for painkillers. You should let the dentist know if they have taken any before the surgery.
Generally, before the surgery takes place you should avoid eating anything, twelve hours before the surgery.
This helps in the prevention of nausea and other conditions like it.
If you are a diabetic, the dentist should know the medical history.
Before the surgery follows your dentist’s instructions carefully.
If you are a smoker then you should discontinue smoking at least 24 hours before the surgery.
Procedure for Tooth Extraction
The procedure for extraction depends upon the position of the tooth, whether it’s an incisor, canine, premolar, molar, or wisdom tooth.
There are two types of procedures for tooth extraction.
- Simple extraction
- Surgical extraction
During the process of a simple extraction, the patient is given a local anesthetic, which numbs the area.
Due to this numbness, the patient does not feel any pressure or pain.
In the process of a simple extraction, the dentist generally uses an elevator to loosen the tooth and the forceps to remove the damaged or faulty tooth from the socket.
During a surgical extraction, the patient might be given local anesthesia or intravenous anesthesia, or both that make the patient calm and relaxed so that he/she can undergo the surgery without any pain or panic.
If a patient suffers from any medical condition he/she be given general anesthesia due to which the patient will remain unconscious during the procedure.
The surgeon or the dentist will cut the gum with a small incision.
For the tooth to be extracted the doctor may remove the bone around the tooth or cut the tooth. The pulled tooth might feel a little pressure on the site of extraction.
By the end of the surgery, small stitches are placed to aid in the process of healing.
After the extraction procedure is done your dentist will place sterile gauze or gauze pad over the socket.
This will provide firm pressure to the wound and prevent gum disease to spread to nearby teeth.
This step is taken to stop any bleeding and will promote blood clot formation.
Cost of Extraction
The cost of tooth extraction depends majorly on the location of the tooth and the procedure.
The extraction procedure is easy if the tooth is visible. But if it is not visible, the tooth extraction procedure is not that easy. You can contact us to know more details about the charges of tooth extraction.
Usually, the cost of tooth removal depends on the location of the tooth, the procedure as well as the area you reside in.
Risks of Tooth Extraction
There are a few risks for undergoing a tooth extraction, however, in the general extraction process, the benefits outweigh the chances of complications.
A blood clot is naturally formed as a result of tooth extraction. However, if the blood clot does not go away it can lead to a condition called dry socket which is explained below.
Some risks are:
-You might face bleeding that lasts longer than 12 hours.
-There might be an infection in your tooth, gums, or tongue which can cause chills and fever.
-You might feel nauseated or vomiting after the anesthesia wears off.
-There may be swelling and redness at the surgical site.
Complications of Tooth Extraction
Sometimes complications may occur due to extraction, these are as follows
A dry socket occurs when the clot dislodges in the pulp. A clot forms when you do not take care of the site of extraction.
It can become inflamed and painful. It usually develops between two and five days after the extraction.
The oral surgeons should be contacted immediately if something like this occurs.
Some other serious complications are rare but can include injury to the adjacent teeth, prolonged numbness, or problem with the temporomandibular joint.
You need to take care of your oral health after the procedure. You can take a few precautions such as:
- Eat soft and healthy food
- Drink plenty of liquids
- Gently brush your teeth or avoid brushing if there is bleeding
- If there is bleeding, rinse the toothpaste
- Keep the extraction site clean. To clean the site you can use a salted glass of water.
- You can also use clove oil. For that, you need to dab a cotton ball in the oil and then press it on the extraction site.
You should avoid the following after the extraction procedure:
- Do not drink with a straw
- Try not to drink any hot liquids such as tea or coffee
- Do not smoke.
In case of any emergency, one should call the dentist. This might include:
- The pain becomes very severe
- It is almost impossible to control or stop the bleeding
- Around the extraction site, the swelling worsens
- There is itching or rashes after taking the medicine
What is the Recovery Period of Tooth Extraction?
The healing period of the extraction is a few days, and you can return to your normal routine after a day or so.
You can take the following steps at home to ensure that the recovery goes smoothly.
You can apply an ice pack at home to reduce the swelling on your gums.
After your dentist places gauze over the affected area, bite down to reduce bleeding and to aid in clot formation.
As prescribed by your dentist, take the medications regularly.
Do not use a straw after your tooth extraction procedure.
Avoid rinsing your mouth for at least 24 hours after the procedure.
Brush and floss your teeth like you normally do but avoid the extraction site.
In case you experience pain that does not go away consult your dentist as soon as possible.
In the above-mentioned article, we have mentioned some reasons for tooth extraction.
Some of these reasons may be to prevent infection, cavities, gum disease, tooth decay, swelling, etc.
The oral health and hygiene are important as it helps maintain our overall health. it is better to visit the dentist on regular basis rather than visiting after a year only to find out having a bigger problem by the end of the day.
Thinking that going to a dentist regularly will cost you more money than visiting the doctor after a year, then think again.
Just as our physical health is important our oral health is also important.
Hence, it is better to have a regular dental checkup than to visit a dentist with a serious condition.