A migraine is much more than a severe headache. This neurological disease can cause debilitating throbbing pain that can leave you in bed for days together.
Light, movement, sound, and other triggers might cause symptoms like pain, nausea, tiredness, visual disturbances, numbness, irritability, temporary loss of vision, difficulty speaking, and many more
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This is the term used when combining one or more dental treatments to enhance the appearance of your smile.
- In-chair teeth whitening generally involves the application of a whitening.
- Take-home teeth whitening requires a set of custom made trays to fit your teeth.
- Factors such as smoking, poor oral hygiene and diet can affect the longevity of the results.
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Crowns are needed when a tooth has a significant amount of structural damage and a normal filling would not be adequate.
- Heavily filled teeth that have broken or that are likely to break in the near future.
- Teeth with old amalgam fillings often crack around the filling causing pain when chewing.
What is a Migraine and How Does it Feel Like?
A migraine is a commonly occurring neurological disease that causes a variety of symptoms. Most notably, it is accompanied by a throbbing, pulsing headache on one side of your head. You will notice that migraines will likely worsen with physical activity, sounds, lights, or smells. It may last at least for a few hours or even days. About 12% of people have this disorder. Research shows that it is the sixth most disabling disease in the world.
What causes a migraine headache? The migraine cause and migraine headaches are complicated and have still not fully been understood. When you have a headache, specific nerves in your blood vessels send pain signals to your brain. This then releases inflammatory substances into the blood vessels and nerves of your head. However, it is still unclear why your nerves do that.
What Causes Migraines?
Experts estimate that more than half of the adult population experiences headaches. However, women are three times more likely than men to experience migraine headaches.
Most of the time, it is difficult to predict who may get a migraine and who may not. But it is these risk factors that may make you more vulnerable. These risk factors include:
- Genetics: More than 80% of people who get migraine headaches have a close relative with the disease.
- Gender. Surprisingly migraine headaches happen to women more than men. Women between the ages of 15 and 55 are affected. It is more common in women because of the influence of hormones.
- Stress level. You may tend to get migraines more often if you are high-stressed. Stress can trigger a migraine.
- Smoking. It is more likely to cause migraine pain.
What are the Types of Migraines?
There are several types of migraines, and the same type might have different names:
Migraine with aura (complicated migraine): More than 15% to 20% of individuals with migraine headaches experience an aura.
Migraine without aura (common migraine): This type of migraine headache strikes without warning an aura. All the migraine symptoms are similar, but the aura phase does not happen.
Migraine without head pain: Silent migraine also known as acephalgic migraine, includes the aura symptom but not the headache that follows.
Hemiplegic migraine: You will have temporary paralysis (hemiplegia) or sensory or neurological changes on one side of your body. The onset of the headache might be associated with extreme weakness, temporary numbness, a tingling sense, a loss of sensation, dizziness, or vision changes.
Retinal migraine (ocular migraine): You might notice a temporary, partial, or complete vision loss in one of your eyes. In addition, you might experience a dull ache behind the eye that might spread to the rest of your head. You should always report a retinal migraine to your doctor.
Chronic migraine: The condition occurs when a migraine occurs at least 15 days every month. The severity of the pain may change frequently so may the migraine symptoms. Those individuals who get chronic migraines might be using headache pain medications more than 10 days a month. Unfortunately, it can lead to headaches that happen even more frequently.
Migraine with brainstem aura. With this migraine, you will have problems like vertigo, double vision, slurred speech, and loss of balance, which occur before the headache. The headache pain often affects the back of your head. All these migraine symptoms usually occur suddenly and can be associated with your inability to speak properly, ringing in the ears, and could lead to vomiting.
Status migrainosus. It is a severe migraine and a rare type that can last longer than 72 hours. The headache, pain, and nausea could be extremely bad.
Suppose you have migraines or a family history. In that case, your trained doctor will treat headaches and will likely diagnose migraines based on your medical history, symptoms, and a neurological and physical examination.
If your condition is complex, unusual, or suddenly becomes severe, common tests might include:
1 Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). An MRI scan generally uses a powerful magnetic field and radio waves to produce detailed images of your blood vessels and the brain. MRI scans are helpful as doctors can diagnose tumors, strokes, infections, bleeding in the brain, and other brain and neurological conditions.
2 Computerized tomography (CT) scan. A CT scan typically uses a series of X-rays to create detailed cross-sectional images of your brain. Doctors use these images to diagnose tumors, brain damage, bleeding in the brain and other possible medical problems that might cause your headaches.
The treatment aims to stop migraine symptoms and prevent future attacks.
Many medications are designed that can treat migraines. Medications used to combat migraines can be categorized into two broad types:
- Pain-relieving medications. Also known as an acute treatment, individuals take these drugs during migraine attacks and are designed to stop symptoms.
- Preventive medications. These types of drugs can be taken regularly to reduce the severity or frequency of migraines.
Your treatment will focus on the frequency and severity of your migraine headaches, whether you have nausea and vomiting symptoms, how disabling your headaches are, and other medical conditions, if you have any.
Migraine Treatment – Medications for Relief
Migraine pain can be relieved using medications that work best when you take it at the first sign of an oncoming migraine. Meaning as soon as the signs and symptoms of the migraine begin. There are various kinds of medications that can treat different symptoms.
The over-the-counter or prescription pain relievers commonly include aspirin or ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others). If you take these pain killers, they might cause medication-overuse headaches. In addition, they could also cause other complications.
Migraine relief medications that combine aspirin, caffeine, and acetaminophen (Excedrin Migraine) might be helpful, but usually only against mild migraine pain.
Remember, some of these medications are not safe to take, especially during pregnancy. If you are pregnant or trying to get pregnant, never use these medications without first talking to your doctor.
Migraine Treatment – Preventive Medications
Medications can help prevent frequent migraines. If you have long-lasting, frequent, or severe headaches, your doctor might recommend preventive medications that do not respond well to treatment.
Preventive medication aims at reducing how often you get a migraine, how long they last, and how severe the attacks are. Options include:
- Blood pressure-lowering medications. These medicines include beta-blockers and metoprolol tartrate. Calcium channel blockers can also help prevent migraines with aura.
- Antidepressants. A tricyclic antidepressant can effectively prevent migraines. Because of the side effects of amitriptyline, such as sleepiness, other antidepressants might be prescribed instead.
- Anti-seizure drugs. These types of medicines might help if you have less frequent migraines. But these can cause side effects such as weight changes, dizziness, nausea, and more. Your doctor will not prescribe medications for pregnant women or women trying to get pregnant.
- Botox injections. Botox injections about every twelve weeks work as migraine cure in some adults.
- CGRP monoclonal antibodies. These are newer drugs approved by the Food and Drug Administration to treat migraines. You can take them monthly or quarterly in the form of injections. The most common side effect is a reaction at the injection site.
Ask your doctor if these medications are suitable for you. Some of these medications might not be safe to take during pregnancy.
Lifestyle Changes and Migraine Home Remedies
When any of the symptoms of migraine start, try heading to a darkened, quiet room. Close your eyes and rest, or try taking a nap. Migraine treatment at home can be effective in controlling the symptoms to some extent. Place an ice pack wrapped in a towel or cloth on your forehead and try drinking lots of water.
These practices might also soothe your migraine pain:
- Try relaxation techniques. Biofeedback and other forms of relaxation techniques teach you ways to deal with stressful situations. These might help reduce the number of migraines you have.
- Drink plenty of fluids. Staying hydrated, particularly with water, helps a lot.
- Develop an eating and sleeping routine. Do not sleep too much or too little. Follow a consistent sleep and wake schedule daily. Also, try to eat meals at the same time every day. These will help reduce the frequency of migraines.
- Keep a headache diary. Recording your symptoms in a diary will help you learn more about what triggers your migraines and what treatments are most effective. It will also help your doctor diagnose your condition better.
- Add magnesium to your diet: As per the research, magnesium deficiency often triggers a migraine aura. Studies show that magnesium oxide supplementation can help prevent or reduce the frequency of migraines with aura. Foods rich in magnesium may also help, including sesame seeds, almonds, sunflower seeds, cashew nuts, brazil nuts, peanut butter, oatmeal, milk, and eggs.
- Stay hydrated: One of the well-known triggers for migraine headaches is not drinking enough water. Surprisingly, it only takes minor dehydration to bring on a headache.
- Exercise regularly. Regular aerobic exercise reduces mental tension and can help prevent a migraine. Choose aerobic activities you enjoy, such as walking, cycling, or swimming if your doctor recommends. Warm-up slowly because sudden, intense exercise might cause headaches.
Migraine Treatment – Alternative Medicine
Nontraditional therapies are also very effective with chronic migraine pain.
- Acupuncture. Clinical trials have proved that acupuncture might be helpful for headaches. In this treatment, a practitioner inserts several thin, disposable needles into different areas of your skin at defined points.
- Cognitive behavioral therapy. Cognitive behavioral therapy has benefited many with migraines. This type of psychotherapy teaches you how your thoughts and behaviors affect how you perceive pain.
- Biofeedback. Biofeedback appears to be quite effective in relieving migraine pain. It is a relaxation technique that uses special equipment. It will teach you how to monitor and control specific physical responses related to stress, like muscle tension.
- Meditation and yoga. Meditation may relieve stress, which is the most common trigger of migraines. If done on a regular basis, yoga might help reduce the duration and frequency of migraines.
- Herbs, vitamins, and minerals. There is some evidence that the herbs butterbur and feverfew might prevent migraines or reduce their severity. Butterbur is generally not recommended because of safety concerns.
Interestingly, a high dose of riboflavin (vitamin B-2) might also reduce the frequency and severity of headaches. Coenzyme Q10 supplements can also decrease the frequency of migraines, but more studies are needed.
Ask your doctor before these treatments are right for you. Moreover, if you are pregnant, do not use any of these treatments without consulting your doctor.
Why Choose Us?
Dr. Amal AlQedrah Medical Center can treat your migraine headaches with complete focus and dedication. Our doctors are highly qualified in nervous system disorders. We work collectively to bring you the most exceptional possible treatment for your moderate to severe migraine pain.
You may wonder if everyone with migraines needs to go to a migraine clinic in Sharjah. If your pain is severe and does not subside with medication, you need our expertise. Migraine pain can lead to severe problems and hence needs to be addressed instantly.
Are you looking for a migraine doctor near me? Dr. Amal Al Qedrah Medical Center specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of migraines. Our team has the expertise to deal with neurological disorders under the supervision of consultant neurologists. Our experts will analyze your symptoms and suggest ways in which you can control migraines.
In conclusion, book an appointment with our migraine clinic to address your problem. In addition, you can also visit our clinic and discuss ways to give you instant migraine relief.