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What are STDs?

what are stds

STDs are also known as sexually transmitted diseases, and this term is used to refer a condition through sexual contact. The person can contract a sexually transmitted disease by having unprotected anal, vaginal, or oral sex with the person who has STD. However, it is essential to know that sex is not only the mean of STD, but they are may other ways of transmission.

Are there any other names of STDs?

Sexually transmitted diseases are also called as a sexually transmitted infection and venereal disease.

What are the important means of transmission of STDs?

Sexually transmitted diseases transmitted from person to person by many means like unprotected sex through breastfeeding, sharing of needles, blood infusion, and infection.

What are the symptoms of STDs in men?

It is essential to know that there are also chances to contract an STD without developing the symptoms. Some significant symptoms in men are:

  • Pain or feeling of discomfort able during sex and  urination
  • Sores or rashes on or around the penis.
  • Rashes around testicles, anus, thighs, or mouth
  • Unusual bleeding or discharge from the penis
  • Painful or swollen testicles

What are the symptoms of STDs in women?

STD symptoms in women include:

  • Pain and discomfort during sex or urination
  • Sores or rashes on or around the vagina
  • Swelling around anus, thighs, or mouth
  • Unusual bleeding or discharge from the vagina
  • Itchiness in or around the vagina

What are the major types of STDs?

There are many types of infections that can be transmitted sexually. The most common STDs are:

  •     Chlamydia
  •     HPV (human papillomavirus)
  •     Syphilis
  •     HIV
  •     Gonorrhea
  •     Herpes

How is Chlamydia a sexually transmitted disease?

There is a specific type of bacteria that causes Chlamydia. However, it Is essential to keep in mind that Chlamydia is known as the most commonly reported STD.

What are the symptoms of Chlamydia?

  • Pain and discomfort during sex or urination
  • Green or yellow discharge from the genital organs in male and women
  • Pain in the lower abdomen
  • Some types no symptom appears

What happened when Chlamydia left untreated?

Untreated Chlamydia can lead to:

  • infections of the prostate glands
  • infertility
  • pelvic inflammation
  • infections of testicles and urethra

Can Chlamydia affect pregnant women?

It is crucial to consider that Chlamydia can easily pass to the baby of pregnant women during birth and cause:

  • Pneumonia
  • Eye infections
  • Blindness

Is Chlamydia curable?

Antibiotics, according to doctor’s prescription, can quickly treat Chlamydia. However, a healthy diet, along with the medicines, can give rapid recovery.

Is HPV an STD?

Human papillomavirus or HPV is a virus that can pass from one person to another through intimate skin-to-skin and sexual contact. However, there are various strains of the virus. Some of them are very dangerous.

What are the symptoms of HPV?

The most common symptom of HPV are warts on:

  • Genitals
  • Mouth
  • Throat

However, strains of HPV infection can lead to cancer like:

  • oral cancer
  • cervical cancer
  • vulva cancer
  • penile cancer
  • rectal cancer

Is there any treatment of HPV sexually transmitted disease?

It is essential to know that there is no treatment for HPV. HPV infections often clear up on their own. There are also vaccines available to protect against some of the most dangerous strains like HPV 16 and HPV 18.

Is Syphilis a sexually transmitted disease?

Syphilis is a bacterial infection, and it often unnoticed in its early stages. It is one of the famous sexually transmitted diseases.

What are the symptoms of Syphilis?

The very first symptom to appear is a small round sore that is known as a chancre. It develops on your genitals, anus, or mouth.

Later symptoms of Syphilis include:

  • Rashes
  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Joint pain
  • Weight loss
  • Hair loss

What happened when Syphilis left untreated?

Untreated Syphilis leads to:

  • loss of vision
  • infections of the brain or spinal cord
  • loss of memory
  • mental illness
  • loss of hearing
  • heart disease
  • death

How HIV leads to AIDS?

HIV damages the immune system and raises the risk of contracting other viruses or bacteria. It also leads to certain cancers. If HIV left untreated, it leads to stage 3 HIV that is also known as AIDS.

What are the early symptoms of HIV?

Early symptoms of HIV are:

  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Nausea
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Sore throat
  • Headache
  • Aches and pains
  • Rashes

Is there any cure for HIV?

It is essential to know that there is no cure for HIV yet. However, treatment options are available to manage it. Early treatment can help people with HIV live as long as those without HIV. Furthermore, Proper treatment can also lower the chances of transmission of infection to a sexual partner.

Is Gonorrhea a sexually transmitted disease?

Gonorrhea is considered a common bacterial STD. Sometimes it is also called the clap.

What are the significant symptoms of Gonorrhea?

The primary symptoms of Gonorrhea include:

  • A  white, yellow, or green-colored discharge from the penis or vagina
  • Pain and discomfort during sex or urination
  • Frequent urination
  • Itching around the genitals
  • Sore throat

What happened when Gonorrhea left untreated?

If Gonorrhea left untreated, it might lead to:

  • Infections of testicles
  • Infertility
  • Pelvic inflammation
  • Infection of the prostate gland

Is Herpes an STD?

Herpes is the short name of herpes simplex virus (HSV). The virus has two main strains HSV-1 and HSV-2. They can be transmitted sexually. It is essential to know that it a ubiquitous STD. HSV-1 causes oral Herpes that is responsible for cold sores in humans. Furthermore, HSV-1 can also be passed from one person’s mouth to another person’s genitals during oral sex.

What are the symptoms of Herpes?

The typical symptom of Herpes is blistery sores. However,  in the case of genital Herpes, these sores develop around the genitals. In oral Herpes, the lesions develop on or around the mouth. Moreover, Herpes sores crust over and heal within a few weeks. The first outbreak of the virus is the most painful. The outbreaks become less painful and frequent over time.

Is there any effect of Herpes on a newborn?

It is essential to know that if a pregnant woman has Herpes, she can potentially pass it to her fetus in the womb. We can also call it congenital Herpes. It is very dangerous for the newborn.

Is there any treatment of Herpes?

There is no cure for Herpes yet. However, many medications are available to help control outbreaks.  Furthermore, the same drugs can also lower the chances of passing Herpes to your sexual partner. Effective treatment and safe sexual practices allow you to lead a comfortable life with Herpes and also protect others from the virus.

Do STDs cause from oral sex?

It is crucial to know that vaginal and anal sex is not the only way STDs are transmitted. Sexually transmitted diseases can also be caused by oral sex. We can even say that STDs can be passed from one person’s genitals to another person’s mouth.

What are curable STDs?

Many STDs are curable like:

  • Chlamydia
  • Syphilis
  • Gonorrhea
  • Crabs
  • Trichomoniasis

What are incurable STDs?

  • HPV
  • HIV
  • Herpes

Is there any link between STDs and pregnancy?

Pregnant women can transmit STDs to the fetus during pregnancy. In many cases, STDs can cause complications, and they can be life-threatening. To prevent STDs in newborns, doctors encourage pregnant women to be tested and treated for potential STDs.

How can STDs be diagnosed?

Some laboratory tests like: can diagnose sexually transmitted diseases

  • Blood tests
  • Urine samples
  • Fluid samples

Why is a Blood test done to diagnose sexually transmitted infections?

Blood tests of the patient can confirm the diagnosis of HIV or later stages of Syphilis.

Why urine and fluid samples are taken in STDs?

Some types of STIs can be confirmed with a urine sample. Whereas, genital sores are diagnosed through a fluid sample of the patient.

What are the treatments for STDs?

The treatment for STDs varies and directly depends on what STD you have. You and your sexual partner must be successfully treated for STDs before the sexual activity.

What is the treatment of bacterial STDs?

Antibiotics can quickly treat bacterial infections. However, it is essential to take all your medicines as prescribed. Take them until if you feel better before you finish taking all of them. Discuss your symptoms with the doctor.

What is the treatment of viral STDs?

It is essential to keep in mind that antibiotics can’t treat viral STDs. Many of the viral infections have no cure; however, in many cases, treatment options are available to relieve symptoms and decrease the risk of transmission of diseases.

What is the prevention of sexually transmitted diseases?

Avoiding sexual contact is considered a way to prevent STDs. The use of protection during sex can reduce the chances of infections. Condoms can not only protect against STDs but also unwanted pregnancy. However, regular STD screening is an excellent idea for anyone sexually active. Early diagnosis and treatment can help you a lot to stop the spread of infections.

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